Justinian Lane

Preemption Strikes Again

Here’s hoping you’re never injured by a defective seatbelt.  

The National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA) once again has launched a "pre-emptive" strike against state personal injury suits by inserting a pre-emption provision in a new rule governing seat belt safety, according to consumer and trial lawyer groups.

The final rule, issued Thursday, is known as the "designated seating position" rule. It revises the definition of "designated seating position" to determine the number of seat belts that are required in a particular vehicle, and it eliminates the exclusion of auxiliary seats from the definition so that all seating locations intended to be used while a vehicle is in motion would provide the appropriate levels of crash protection.

The rule also contains language that would specifically pre-empt state tort claims related to seat belt injuries.

Joan Claybrook, president of Public Citizen and a former administrator of NHTSA, said the agency has issued safety standards with such pre-emption language 20 times in the past three years.

"The fear of lawsuits is one of the greatest incentives automakers have to build stronger and safer vehicles," she said. "For NHTSA to suggest that automakers should have blanket immunity from consumer liability lawsuits means that more defective vehicles will be manufactured, fewer will be recalled, the public will have less information about injury causation and more families will needlessly lose loved ones on our roads each day.

Source: - New Federal Rule Pre-empts State Tort Claims Related to Seat Belt Injuries

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Posted at 8:42 PM, Oct 13, 2008 in Preemption
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